NEWS & FEATURES
Have you heard the woofest mews?
Have you heard the woofest mews?
By 2030, the world is expected to have eradicated rabies for good.
The Global Alliance for Rabies Control (GARC) said the new target provides an annual marker to showcase progress at all levels – from the international to the community – towards every country’s rabies elimination efforts.
The Philippines aims to make the country completely rabies-fress by 2020.
Rabies: Zero by 30, the theme for World Rabies Day, 2017, is being supported by local veterinarians, many of whom went door-to-door in depressed areas where high cases of rabies were recorded.
Reuters reported that Filipino veterinarians, in partnership with the animal protection group Humane Society International (HSI), led the free mass vaccination drive using not just their syringes but also their smartphones to track areas of concern.
HSI launched the rabies tracker smartphone app that records rabies inoculations and geotags dogs by location as a way to control the disease.
The Bureau of Animal Industry placed the canine population in the Philippines at 10 million at least. The World Health Organization (WHO) said dogs without anti-rabies shots are the primary conduits (99 percent of cases) of the disease that spreads to humans.
The HSI said cases of rabies in the Philippines are among the highest globally, with at least 200 Filipino deaths from the disease annually, mainly due to dog bites. Despite this alarming figure, the Philippines was ranked by WHO as among the countries making “great strides” in fighting the disease.
DOGS in the country, especially the native Aspins, have reason to be hopeful this year as government agencies and partner institutions fighting the illegal trading of dog meat are hoping to have the national plan of action finalized early this year.
Launched last September, the National Plan of Action (NAPOA) to Eliminate the Trade of Dogs for Meat aims for a complete end to the nefarious dog meat trading which not only victimizes dogs but also endangers public health.
One of its immediate impacts would be on the apprehending and filing of cases against violators. The penalties will be based on the provision of the Animal Welfare Law which include a fine of up to P250,000 and six years imprisonment.
Armelo Mauro, training officer at the Animal Health and Welfare Division of the Department of Agriculture-Bureau of Animal Industry, told MetroPets that that plan's Implementing Rules and Regulations are now at the committee level for finalization.
He said, they have statistics that show a decline in dog meat trading around the country last year, thanks mainly to the efforts of NGOs who are at the forefront of the campaign against hot meat.
Mauro said they are also proactively informing the public about the dangers of eating hot meat from dogs, cats, deer and wild boar because these likely carry deadly bacteria and other contaminants.
Meanwhile, Mauro advises concerned citizens to photograph or film those who slaughter dogs and report them to the police and file an affidavit at the prosecution office.
By ALMA J. BUELVA
DINAGAT Islands was declared rabies-free province by the Department of Health and Department of Agriculture-Bureau of Animal Industry along with 10 other municipalities.
The declaration marked the Philippines' observation of World Rabies Day last September 28 and also heralded the week-long celebration of Animal Welfare up to October 4 (World Animal Day)
Declared rabies-free zones are seven municipalities from Dinagat Islands (Basilisa, Cagdianao, Dinagat, Libjo, Loreto, San, Jose and Tubajon. The municipalities of Agutaya and Balabac in Palawan also became rabies-free zones. In Batangas, the Municipality of Tingloy was also declared rabies-free.
The Department of Health and Department of Agriculture are jointly working to make Philippines rabies-free by 2020.
Dr. Raffy Viray from the health department said they need to obtain at least P500 million budget for 2016 to cover the anti-rabies vaccination needs of all patients.
“We are pushing for more budget next year to fight rabies. We are five years away from the 2020 rabies-free Philippines target. We are halfway there, but sustaining the rabies-free status will be the harder part of the battle,” Viray told government officials gathered during the awarding of rabies-free zones.
Rabies from dog bites continues to be one of the leading cases of death in the country. On average, 200 to 300 Filipinos die from rabies each year. There are 400 animal bite centers nationwide.
The declaration of the new rabies-free zones brings to 35 the current municipalities in the country where the public health problem has been eliminated.
The National Rabies Prevention and Control Committee, a multi-sectoral committee being chaired by the DA-BAI, is tasked to work on eliminating rabies while promoting animal welfare and preventing animal cruelty. The committee is also tasked to increase public awareness on the importance of vaccinating dogs against rabies.
The Global Alliance for Rabies Control (GARC) is urging countries to develop appropriate investment strategies to eliminate human rabies. The disease is mainly transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected dog and is widespread in low-income countries. Pilot programs have successfully demonstrated that elimination of rabies is achievable through mass dog vaccination campaigns, supported by improved access to post-exposure prophylaxis (post-bite treatment) to people immediately after a suspected dog-bite.
THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT RABIES
* Rabies is a major public health problem affecting mainly the rural poor and marginalized populations.
* Rabies to continues to kill around 59,000 people every year. Almost 40 percent of victims exposed to dog bites are children under the age of 15.
* Vaccinating 70 percent of dogs in rabies affected areas is sufficient to eliminate canine rabies worldwide, at a much lower cost than post-exposure medication.
* Over 95 percent of human cases of rabies are due to dog bites and, unlike many other diseases, the control methods and vaccines required to tackle this neglected disease are available.
* Vaccines have existed since Louis Pasteur successfully vaccinated 9-year-old Joseph Meister in Paris in 1885.
* Today, 160 people die every day from this horrific disease.
* World Rabies Day marks the anniversary of the death of Louis Pasteur.
Experts urge governments and international funders to get on board to eliminate human deaths from rabies and make rabies history.
* Pet rock, anyone?